(EN) Constantin Dipşe lived his art

 

Constantin Dipşe (1917-2010), a Romanian painter, was born in the village of Şurdeşti, Maramureş County, in the north of Romania. The sixth of eight children of a respected peasant family, he acquired – from his childhood – for the rest of his life, the moral values ​​- inherited from ancestors – including freedom, dignity and attachment to his country, were paramount.

Refugee in the south of the country (in Bucharest), in September 1940, during the occupation of Transylvania by the Austro-Hungarian regime, he remained at long distance from his family and all that was dear and close to him.

He became a student of Fine Arts at the class of master Nicolae Dărăscu but soon after he was forced to go to war, at the front of Rostov on The Don.

Transferred later, as a draftsman to the Air Force Staff, he was allowed to follow his studies which he completed in 1945. Three years later (1948) he completed the specialization equivalent to a doctorate in Fine Arts , under the direction of the master Camil Ressu.

Constantin Dipşe became a member of the Union of Plastic Artists of Romania Painting Section, after a composition that he presented, was admitted to the Official Salon of the Arts, by a jury that did not know that the author was still a student.

His career as an artist-painter mentions many participations in the official Salons of Art of Bucharest and the main cities of the country, as well as contemporary Romanian art exhibitions abroad (Germany, Holland, Belgium, Bulgaria, Italy, Austria, Libya, Israel, Japan etc.).

Like any exit abroad, being banned by the communist regime, Constantin Dipşe organizes his own exhibitions and openings in the country: 1956, 1959, 1962, 1966 (3 exhibitions), 1975, 1981; barely in 1992 he presents his paintings in an exhibition in Toulouse, France. After, the country in 1995 – 2 exhibitions, 2002, 2009 the last in the presence of the artist.

His heirs organized posthumous exhibitions in: 2010-2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, in 2017 – 4 exhibitions for the centenary of the birth of the artist.

Many of his works have left the exhibitions as well as the creation workshop, to appear in private collections – in Europe, on the American continent, in Australia, in the countries of the East – and, in Romania, in museums and private collections.

The artist also specialized in monumental art – mosaic, secular and religious fresco – and sign alone or in collective, several works widespread in all corners of the country (localities: Putna, Murfatlar, Nojorid, Bucharest etc.) . His artistic imprint can also be found in his glass paintings and illustrations of several books.

Far from any political activity, the artist lived in financial embarrassment and prolonged material precariousness, for not having “obeyed” in his creations, with the thematic requirements that eulogized socialism and communism.

Constantin Dipşe did not adapt to the new regime – which would have meant a profound inner change – but he tried to accommodate, by opposing to the adverse external conditions, the expression of his true nature, while remaining at home. listening to what was going on in his mind and feeling.

The serenity that emerges from his paintings – compositions, landscapes, portraits and “portraits of flowers” – it is the very energy typical of Romanian folk art – that the artist uses to control his suffering caused by a petty diet who controlled the entire existence of art creators, from their financial, material, to artistic creation.

Defying these constraints, Constantin Dipşe forges his artistic destiny and his own style, demonstrating / testifying to exemplary professional science and rigor; the whole, expressed in colors of which he is considered one of the masters, in the Romanian painting.

Under a “figurative dress” (for some with references to naive themes), in sunny colors arranged singularly but with science, talent and sensitivity – the paintings reveal, through a more scholarly reading, symbols plaited to the feelings that lead to archetypes.

Constantin Dipşe created until the last moment of his life that he left at 93 years and two months, having close to him, the love of his wife – Măriuca and his son – Ionuţ.